The Agriculture Orientation Index (AOI) for Government Expenditures

This indicator is proposed as an indicator for Sustainable development Target 02.a Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.

This indicator is included in the list of illustrative indicators on the right to life (Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 3).

Value Range


FAO collects, in collaboration with the IMF, data on Government expenditure in Agriculture. The annual data and indicator value compiled by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), can be found on the FAOSTAT domain at:, covering the periods 2001-2012. The underlying annual data is official country data, from 2001 to 2012, reported by countries through a questionnaire jointly developed by FAO and the IMF using the COFOG and GFSM classifications. The database currently covers 139 countries.

FAO - Coverage is high, with 139 countries included. However, some countries have not provided data for all 13 years from 2001 to 2012, and the level of government to which expenditures pertain can differ.

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Report on Indicators for Promoting and Monitoring the Implementation of Human Rights (June 6, 2008).