Population in urban areas exposed to outdoor air pollution levels above WHO guideline values ( BBB )

This indicator is proposed as an indicator for Sustainable Development Target 03.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination

Value Range


Measured against 2012 baseline (note: Global Burden of Disease methodologies) . Data on water/sanitation and contaminated sites can be obtained from the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm convention's national reports. Data for small particulate matter due to transportation in urban areas.

WHO , and Secretariats of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions. National air quality observatories.

Linkages: 6.2, 6.3,

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The list of indicator proposals (as of 11 August 2015) used for the IAEG-SDG Open Consultation with Civil Society, Academia and Private Sector.